« ある歴史家の死 | トップページ | インスルサ米州機構事務総長の再選をめぐって »

2010年2月 4日 (木)

オマール・エベルレニ・ペレス「キューバ経済:現状分析と変革への提言」

これまでに、何度か紹介したオマール・エベルレニ・ペレス、ハバナ大学教授の最新の英文論文、『キューバ経済:現状の分析と新たな政策の変更のための提言』を紹介します。これは、教授が日本に滞在中にアジア・経済研究所の求めに応じて執筆したものです。

http://www.ide.go.jp/English/Publish/Download/Dp/217.html
The Cuban Economy: A Current Evaluation and Proposals for Necessary Policy Changes
by Omar Everleny Pérez Villanueva

教授は、90年代以降のキューバ経済の困難が、単に外部っ要因から来るものではなく、国内の政策そのものにもその要因があるとして、問題点を建設的に指摘します。

以下、概要と本文を掲載します。「09.12 Omar Perez, the Cuban Economy.pdf」をダウンロード

ABSTRACT
Politicians, social scientists and general readers have noted in both Cuban and international academic forums and periodicals that the well-being enjoyed by the Cuban people in the 1980s has been seriously compromised since the economic crisis of the 1990s. Even for the most skeptical of observers it is clear that this worsening of conditions can be attributed not only to external factors, such as the breakup of the international socialist system, the tightening of the US blockade, and the worldwide economic crisis suffered by underdeveloped countries, but also to internal factors that have kept the country from taking full advantage of the human and material potential available on the island.

Although Cuba is currently experiencing an economic recovery from the collapse in GDP in the mid 1990s following the collapse of its ties with the Socialist Bloc, it continues to maintain high import coefficients due to longstanding structuraldifficulties. The country is highly dependent on food imports as a result of a deficient agrarian policy. It imports energy to a lesser but still significant extent, and it still requires many intermediate inputs for the productive process. Cuban industry and agriculture continue to suffer from low levels of efficiency and productivity.

|

« ある歴史家の死 | トップページ | インスルサ米州機構事務総長の再選をめぐって »

経済」カテゴリの記事